An Introduction to Cornwall

The 5th and 6th centuries saw the Celtic tribal alliances finally overwhelmed by Anglo-Saxon armies. After all, they weren’t “English,” any more than the Welsh or the Scots. Tintagel Castle is connected by legend to the story of King Arthur and is one of the things to see in Cornwall if you love a little history. Okay, so it’s true, Bodmin Moor is one of the wettest of Britain’s moors but don’t let that put you off – it’s totally unspoiled and unique.

It is recognised as one of the Celtic nations and is the homeland of the Cornish people. The county is bordered to the north and west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the east by Devon, and to the south by the English Channel. Accessible by boat as part of a cruise, passenger ferry or air the archipelago is an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty with 2,200 residents. How you spend your time is up to you – peace and tranquillity provide a great chill out opportunity.

Most famously, author and playwright Daphne du Maurier wrote her modern Gothic masterpiece, “Rebecca” while living in Fowey, a small town in south Cornwall. The novel’s fictional estate, Manderly, is loosely based on Menabilly, an early Georgian-era estate on Cornwall’s southwest coast. Today, Cornwall still acknowledges its smuggling heritage with museums and tours, and they’re among the most fascinating activities in the region. Today, it’s an interesting dark tourist attraction and museum that offers visitors a glimpse into the history of the British penal system. You can take an immersive tour around the jail, learning about crime and punishment in Victorian Britain, or visit at your own leisure. If it wasn’t for the six miles between the source of the River Tamar and the coast of North Cornwall, the county would be an island.

In recent years, the Eden Project near St Austell has been a major financial success, drawing one in eight of Cornwall’s visitors in 2004. Following a review by the Boundary Commission for England taking effect at the 2010 general election, Cornwall is divided into six county constituencies to elect MPs to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. Before the creation of the unitary council, the former county council had 82 seats, the majority of which were held by the Liberal Democrats, elected at the 2005 county council elections. The six former districts had a total of 249 council seats, and the groups with greatest numbers of councillors were Liberal Democrats, Conservatives and Independents. The Isles of Scilly form part of the ceremonial county of Cornwall, and have, at times, been served by the same county administration. Since 1890 they have been administered by their own unitary authority, the Council of the Isles of Scilly.

You’ll find the area filled with places to rest your head, from the likes of buzzing Bude to hidden coves. A world of romance, heritage and adventure awaits at Europe’s largest garden restoration project. This guide to the best luxury hotels in Cornwall will help you decide where to stay. From stunning beaches and great restaurants, to historic country mansions, these are the best places to visit in Cornwall. Cornwall has two sports that it has brought to the world, Omdowl Kernewek and Hurlian .

They are also completely harmless, swimming along serenely with their giant toothless mouths open to hoover up plankton and other microscopic organisms which they feed on. Kernewek was a Celtic language widely spoken in Cornwall in the 70s, its usage was substantially reduced after the demise of Dolly Pentreath, the last known speaker of the language. The yummiest memory you’ll have from Cornwall is the simple Cornish pasty. It’s said necessity is the mother of invention and we couldn’t agree more.

Warm ocean currents ensure that snow and frost are rare in Cornwall even during the winter months. Cornwall experiences some of the longest hours of sunlight in the UK with 1541 hours per year. The south-west coast of Cornwall has the only sub-tropical climate in the UK with palm trees being found in the area.

In recent years, the Cornish language has had a resurgence, partially tied to the growing passion that locals have for their homeland. This language was widely spoken throughout Medieval times, but as Cornwall became gradually assimilated into English culture the language was less and less spoken. This means that the UK government is legally obligated to protect and promote Cornish culture and language, and to ensure that Cornish people have equal access to public services and opportunities. From music and dance to food and drink, there are many aspects of Cornish culture to explore. The pasty’s unique shape and filling were designed to be easily transportable and filling, making it the perfect meal for workers to take into the mines.

Cornwall Council encourages and facilitates language classes within the county, in schools and within the wider community. In later times, Cornwall was known to the Anglo-Saxons as “”West Wales”” to distinguish it from “”North Wales”” . Other names for the county include a latinisation of the name as Cornubia (first appears in a mid-9th-century deed purporting to be a copy of one dating from c. 705), and as Cornugallia in 1086.

Differences in history and culture can be observed in place names and language, sites of Cornish rebellion and even the layout of villages . With ocean covering three sides of this sunny southern county, Cornwall has the longest coastline in the UK with Ordnance Survey mappers measuring it to be a whopping 1,086 km, and that’s not even including the Isles of Scilly. The South West Coast Path provides you with some beautiful walks in Cornwall, where you can enjoy the sea air and the breathtaking scenery.

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